A scriptural Survey of the Atonement

I consider certain Biblical passages to be ripe with significance on the issue of the atonement. Over the summer, I intend to study them in the hopes of gaining more clarity on the topic. The following are the phrases I will explore. Note that this list of verses is not exhaustive. If you find any important ones that I missed, please let me know.

  • sacrifice
  • atonement
  • sin offering
  • blood / through blood
  • propitiation
  • ‘take away’ sin/transgression/ iniquity
  • ‘bear’/ ‘bore’ sin/transgression/iniquity
  • suffered for

God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. – 2 Corinthians 5:21

God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement, through the shedding of his blood—to be received by faith. He did this to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished— he did it to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus. – Romans 3: 25, 26

He [Jesus] was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification. – Romans 4: 25

For what the law was powerless to do because it was weakened by the flesh, God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh to be a sin offering. – Romans 8:3

For we do not have a high priest who is unable to empathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are–yet he did not sin. – Hebrews 4: 15

For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many. – Mark 10:45

In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace – Ephesians 1:7

This is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins (1 John 4:10).

“He himself bore our sins” in his body on the cross, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness (1 Peter 2: 24)

For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. (1 Peter 3: 18)

 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! (John 1: 29)

Surely he took up our pain
and bore our suffering,
yet we considered him punished by God,
stricken by him, and afflicted.
But he was pierced for our transgressions,
he was crushed for our iniquities;
the punishment that brought us peace was on him,
and by his wounds we are healed.
We all, like sheep, have gone astray,
each of us has turned to our own way;
and the Lord has laid on him
the iniquity of us all.

Yet it was the Lord’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer,
and though the Lord makes his life an offering for sin,
he will see his offspring and prolong his days,
and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand.
After he has suffered,
he will see the light of life and be satisfied;
by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many,
and he will bear their iniquities.
Therefore I will give him a portion among the great,
and he will divide the spoils with the strong,
because he poured out his life unto death,
and was numbered with the transgressors.
For he bore the sin of many,
and made intercession for the transgressors.

– Isaiah 53: 4 – 6, 10 – 12

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Tracy

I’m Tracy

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