The Atonement: Definitions

Note: This is the second part of a series on the Christian Doctrine of the Atonement. You can find the previous post here.

It looks like most of the words mean exactly what you think. Here I have defined the ones that might not be obvious.

Atonement (Strong’s G2643 – katallagē) : 

adjustment of a difference, reconciliation, restoration to favour

in the NT of the restoration of the favour of God to sinners that repent and put their trust in the expiatory death of Christ

God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement, through the shedding of his blood—to be received by faith. He did this to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished— he did it to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus. – Romans 3: 25, 26

Sacrifice of Atonement, Propitiation (Strong’s G2435 – hilastērion) :

relating to an appeasing or expiating, having placating or expiating force, expiatory;
a means of appeasing or expiating, a propitiation

 God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement, through the shedding of his blood—to be received by faith. He did this to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished— he did it to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus. – Romans 3: 25, 26This is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins (1 John 4:10).

Justification (Strong’s G1347 – dikaiōsis)

the act of God declaring men free from guilt and acceptable to him
abjuring to be righteous, justification

He [Jesus] was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification. – Romans 4: 25

Redemption: (Strong’s G629 – apolytrōsis)

1) a releasing effected by payment of ransom
a) redemption, deliverance
b) liberation procured by the payment of a ransom

 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace – Ephesians 1:7
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Tracy

I’m Tracy

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